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LCMS = Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

CTCR = Commission on Theology and Church Relations

WIC = Women in the Church, 1985 CTCR Report

BDB = The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon

BDAG = A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament…

EKD = Evangelical Church in Germany (Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland)

TDNT = Theological Dictionary of the New Testament

LSJ = Liddell/Scott/Jones Greek-English Lexicon

CTM = Concordia Theological Monthly


KJV = King James Version

NKJV = New King James Version

NEB = New English Bible

NIV = New International Version

TEV = Today’s English Version

RSV = Revised Standard Version

NASB = New American Standard Bible

NJB = New Jerusalem Bible

NRSV = New Revised Standard Version


hapax legomenon (pl legomena) – a word that is used only once in a particular context – specifically in this study appears authentein, used only one time in the Bible, 1 Timothy 2:12